The doctoral dissertations of the former Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) and Aalto University Schools of Technology (CHEM, ELEC, ENG, SCI) published in electronic format are available in the electronic publications archive of Aalto University - Aaltodoc.

Basic Land Consolidation and New Settlement in the Village of Lieso

Heikki K. Lähde

Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Science in Technology to be presented with due permission of the Department of Surveying for public examination and debate in Auditorium M1 at Helsinki University of Technology (Espoo, Finland) on the 19th of June, 2007, at 12 noon.

Dissertation in PDF format (ISBN 978-951-22-8794-9)   [5121 KB]
Dissertation is also available in print (ISBN 978-952-99450-2-3)

Note: The language of the dissertation is Finnish.


The study concerns the impacts of Basic Land Consolidation, the first major land reform carried out in Finland, on the settlement of a village. The nationwide objectives of Basic Land Consolidation were the intensification of agricultural production and the advancement of settlement. The implementation of the first objective was endeavoured through land management. Each farm had its abstract share in the village turned into areas marked in the terrain. The second objective was reached by the emergence of various new holdings. The example village in the study is Lieso in the municipality of Lammi in southern Häme. There were 14 land register farms in the village in the late 18th century when Basic Land Consolidation was started. Their possessors were ordinary peasants. There were no large farms.

New settlement arising from Basic Land Consolidation was formed in the extensive forest area previously jointly owned by the villagers. Three new villages, ten new holdings, and a couple of crofts were established. All new settlement had strong connections with the land register farms of the old village. This relates both to real estate formation and population. The new real estates and unseparated parcels of land were related to the land register farms of the Lieso village, and the population of the new settlement to the nuclear families and households of the land register farms.

Along with the new settlement an institution of crofters typical to the area and wide family connections were formed among the population.

Keywords: Basic Land Consolidation, new settlement, croft, family connections

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© 2007 Helsinki University of Technology

Last update 2011-05-26